1. Doping as a public health issue
• Introduction to doping as a public health issue.
• Prevalence, availability, and methods of use.
• The Criminal Code vs WADA-code.
• Classification of different doping agents.
• Effects and side effects of AAS and central stimulating substances.
Have basic knowledge about doping in society, including
• The extent and availability of doping agents.
• The prohibited list for fitness centres in Norway (S1, S2 and S6).
• The potential legal consequences involved in using doping agents.
Be able to explain the effects and side effects of doping agents, including
• Basic knowledge of the structure and function of the hormonal system.
• Effects and side effects of the most used doping agents.
Have basic knowledge of the social and societal consequences of using doping agents, including
• Ripple effects of doping use in local environments and training environments.
• Correlation between doping, violence, and aggressive behaviour.
• Socioeconomic costs of AAS use.
• Be able to navigate the doping list.
• Be able to convey knowledge about legislation and the doping list to customers and members at fitness centres.
• Be able to convey the effects and side effects of the most used doping agents in a nuanced way to customers and members at fitness centres.
• Be able to assess suspected doping use - signs and symptoms.
2. Prevention and intervention strategies
• Introduction to risk factors and protective factors for the use of doping agents.
• Introduction to prevention strategies and principles.
• Clean Fitness Centre program and the role of the Anti-Doping Officer (ADA)
• Introduction of prevention measures that can be implemented in fitness centres.
• Body focus and social media.
• Public health provider? Ethics and contradictions – responsibility towards the fitness industry.
• Reality VS social media.
• The important conversation.
• Handling aggressive conversations.
• Experiences from meetings with doping users.
• Flow chart – from concern to action.
• Characteristics of the doping environment at fitness centres.
• The role of doping preventer and role model.
Have basic knowledge of prevention strategies, including
• Knowledge of risk factors and protective factors for doping use.
• Knowledge of systematic prevention.
• Knowledge of ADNO's preventive programs.
• Knowledge of relevant resource persons in your own local environment (e.g., SLT coordinator, police contact)
• Have basic knowledge of interview methodology and concern interviews
• Basic knowledge of how a concern interview can be carried out
• Measures after a concern interview (flow chart)
• Knowledge of how a doping environment is established at training centres
• Knowledge of how doping use evolves
• Knowledge of internal justice in doping environments
• Knowledge of how the ADA can approach a doping environment at fitness centres.
• Knowledge of ethical and moral dilemmas as a doping preventer and a fitness centre employee.
• Be aware of your own role as a preventer and role model in a profession such as PT.
• Ability to reflect and discuss the connection between body focus, social media, and doping use.
• Ability to identify risk-prone training environments/individuals.
• Understand systematic prevention of doping use, and be able to implement simple preventive measures at fitness centres as ADA
• Understand how simple preventive conversations with members and customers at fitness centres can be carried out.
• Ability to reflect on possible measures that may be relevant before/after the concern interview.
• Know how to practice simple primary and secondary prevention strategies in meetings with members at gyms.
• Be aware of your own limitations related to conversations about concerns.
• Classification of dietary supplements.
• Dietary supplements used in connection with strength training.
• Effects, risks, and needs of various dietary supplements.
• The connection between doping and dietary supplements
Have knowledge of dietary supplements and their effects, and the risks associated with doping, including:
• Understand the effects, needs and risks of the most used nutritional supplements - with a focus on ergogenic supplements.
• Have basic knowledge of the connection between dietary supplements and doping, including
• The gateway hypothesis.
• The motivation for using dietary supplements.
• Be able to communicate the effects, needs and risks of dietary supplements in a nuanced way
customers and members.
4. Doping Control
• Procedure for doping control at the training centre.
• Different sampling methods and equipment used in doping control.
• ADA's role in a doping control.
• Practical implementation of doping control - Dried Blood Spot
• Have knowledge of how a doping control is carried out at the fitness centre, and what criteria must be met for this to be carried out.
• Know the differences between the various control methods that are available, and when the various methods are indicated.
• Have knowledge of the mandate and responsibility of an anti-doping officer during a doping control.
• The student must have completed a practical doping control in the course.
• Be able to complete the ADA's part of the procedure for a DBS check.